Allegedly, many admins did not update their FortiGate VPNs, so that attackers attack systems. The reason is the exploit code for the vulnerability (CVE-2018-13379) from 2019 that has now emerged.
Successful attacks on the SSL-VPN configured FortiOS should be made possible by sending prepared HTTP requests. Attackers could access system files and thus gain access to unencrypted access data, for example. They could then log into vulnerable VPN firewalls and compromise them.
FortiOS, which is used on FortiGate firewalls, has a total of six security holes in several versions of the Security Network operating system that affect the SSL-VPN web portal. Fortinet has published the FortiGuard Security Advisories with update notes.
Der original Textauszug:
FortiOS system file leak through SSL VPN via specially crafted HTTP resource requests
A path traversal vulnerability in the FortiOS SSL VPN web portal may allow an unauthenticated attacker to download FortiOS system files through specially crafted HTTP resource requests.
FortiOS 6.0 – 6.0.0 to 6.0.4
FortiOS 5.6 – 5.6.3 to 5.6.7
FortiOS 5.4 – 5.4.6 to 5.4.12
(other branches and versions than above are not impacted)
ONLY if the SSL VPN service (web-mode or tunnel-mode) is enabled.
Upgrade to FortiOS 5.4.13, 5.6.8, 6.0.5 or 6.2.0 and above.
As a temporary solution, the only workaround is to totally disable the SSL-VPN service (both web-mode and tunnel-mode) by applying the following CLI commands:
config vpn ssl settings
Note that firewall policies tied to SSL VPN will need to be unset first for the above sequence to execute successfully.
As an example, when source-interface is “port1” and SSL VPN interface is “ssl.root”, the following CLI commands would be needed to ensure “unset source-interface” executes successfully:
config vpn ssl settings
purge (purge all authentication-rules)
config firewall policy
delete [policy-id] (SSL VPN policy ID(s) that srcintf is “ssl.root” and dstintf is “port1”)
Note that code to exploit this vulnerability in order to obtain the credentials of logged in SSL VPN users was disclosed. In absence of upgrading to the versions listed above, mitigating the impact of this exploit can be done by enabling two-factor authentication for SSL VPN users. An attacker would then not be able to use stolen credentials to impersonate SSL VPN users.