How to send e-mail over an SMTP gateway using cURL
cURL in combination with command-line options send an e-mail to a recipient. Originally the name cURL meant “see URL” and was later reinterpreted to the current Backronym cURL.
The basic command for send an e-mail using cURL.
$ curl smtp://mail.server.com --mail-from email@example.com --mail-rcpt
firstname.lastname@example.org --upload-file email.txt
Example: cURL send e-mail using SMTP in the terminal emulator:
$ curl -v smtp://mail.server.com/email.com --mail-from email@example.com --mail-rcpt firstname.lastname@example.org --upload-file email.txt
The following is the output in the terminal:
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 0* Trying 10.12.15.13...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to mail.server.com (10.12.15.13) port 25 (#0)
< 220 mail.server.com ESMTP
> EHLO email.com
< 250-SIZE 22000000
< 250 DSN
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 0> MAIL FROM:<email@example.com> SIZE=355
< 250 2.1.0 Ok
> RCPT TO:<firstname.lastname@example.org>
< 250 2.1.5 Ok
< 354 End data with <CR><LF>.<CR><LF>
} [355 bytes data]
* We are completely uploaded and fine
< 250 2.0.0 Ok: queued as B744B28008
100 355 0 0 100 355 0 355 0:00:01 --:--:-- 0:00:01 1334
* Connection #0 to host mail.server.com left intact
Using -v parameter to generates verbose output.
email.txt is uploaded and sent e-mail by cURL over the SMTP gateway.
From: Don <email@example.com>
To: Rosa <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: This is an example with cURL SMTP
Date: Sam, Jan 19, 2019 12:50:16 PM
Welcome to cURL email, today is a beautiful day.
The content of email.txt take
Date as data fields that serves the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. To send e-mail by curl.
The Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) must be configured to accept e-mail from the host that uses cURL on it, if it is not an MTA itself, a directive must be configured with smtpd_sender_restrictions, e.g. smtpd_client_restrictions.
What is cURL
curl is a command-line tool for getting or sending data including files using URL syntax. Since curl uses libcurl, it supports every protocol libcurl supports.
It was first released in 1996. It was originally named httpget and then became urlget before adopting the current name of cURL. The original author and lead developer is the Swedish developer Daniel Stenberg, who created cURL because he wanted to automate the fetching of currency exchange rates for IRC users.
Client URL (“curl”) is a command line tool that enables data exchange between a device and a server through a terminal. Using this command line interface (CLI), a user specifies a server URL (the location where they want to send a request) and the data they want to send to that server URL, like send an e-mail by curl.
API tools like Postman and Insomnia provide an interactive user interface (UI) that allows you to make different forms of requests to URLs, for receiving and processing requests. The cURL command does the same thing, except in your terminal. cURL works on Linux, Mac, and Windows.
The cURL command uses the libcURL client-side URL transfer library. This library supports many different transfer protocols including HTTPS, SMTP, and FTP. It also enables you to include cookies, set proxies, and add authentication credentials when making requests.